How to Breed Pygmy Goats

By Maria O'Brien

Pygmy goats are small breed goats, also known as dwarfs. They are used primarily for show and pets, and 4-H projects, but can also produce milk or be used for meat. Since they are smaller, they eat less and can live in smaller quarters, making them manageable animals for hobby farms.

Ensure that the doe (female pygmy goat) is of appropriate age. She should be at least seven to nine months and a healthy size before being bred for the first time.

Choose the buck, who ideally should not be closely related to the doe. Bucks can be younger than females and are fertile as young as two to three months. Consider artificial insemination or borrowing a local buck if you don't own a suitable match for your doe.

Determine when your female pygmy goat is fertile. While pygmy goats may be bred almost year round, the traditional breeding season is autumn through early spring. Look for theses signs: mucus discharge from the back, trying to mount other goats or objects, wagging tail, excited behavior near bucks.

Put the male and female goats together in close quarters or in a small pasture together for field breeding or assist more closely in a stall for hand breeding.

Use artificial insemination by ordering pygmy goat semen through reputable breeders and following their instructions as to storage and insemination for best results. You'll need to go this route if you don't have a buck of your own or one you can use.