Colloidal silver is used as a treatment to fight more than 650 disease organisms found in both humans and pets. The treatment is effective against bacteria, fungi and viruses without affecting the healthy cells surrounding the infection. Colloidal silver was an accidental discovery when storage containers were made primarily of silver. Today the methods of making this treatment are efficient and controlled rather than accidental.
Ryan McVay/Photodisc/Getty Images
Colloidal silver is a liquid silver solution used for many treatments in both humans and dogs. A technician inserts silver electrode strips into purified water. This gives a positive charge to the silver ions. The charged ions then filter into the water, which is now colloidal silver.
Colloidal silver for dogs has uses in treating skin and ear conditions as well as bacteria and viral infections. It also helps treat wounds, inflammation, burns, fevers and eye infections. Colloidal silver is also used in the treatment of thyroid imbalances, yeast infections, digestive disorders and parasites.
Colloidal silver functions by disabling enzymes that bacteria, virus or fungi agents need to metabolize oxygen properly. This causes the pathogen to suffocate while the surrounding cells remain unaffected. A dog's body then disposes of the dead bacteria or virus through lymphatic and immune systems, or sometimes by elimination with waste.
Dean Golja/Digital Vision/Getty Images
Veterinarians administer colloidal silver treatments to dogs orally in liquid form or through an IV injection. Sometimes dogs receive it as a spray or topically as a cream. For dry applications, people mix it with powder as a paste; this method is used when applying the treatment to dogs' gums or teeth.
Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved colloidal silver as a dietary supplement when produced correctly. There are no known effects that weaken immune systems in dogs as the frequent use of antibiotics does. This treatment does not interact with other medications. There is no stinging or burning sensation when used in the eyes or on skin; and no reported stomach problems. Thus, there are no known side effects to humans or dogs.
Colloidal silver has a medical history since the days of ancient Rome and Greece. At that time, people kept water in silver containers, which created the liquid naturally. The treatment was a prominent microbial agent for doctors until the Great Depression, when the cost became too prohibitive to make the treatment. Today the cost has gone down again so that it is a viable treatment for dogs.