Hyperphosphatemia is a medical condition characterized by inordinate amounts of the mineral phosphorus within the blood. The disorder can arise in dogs of all age groups but is particularly common in elderly pooches who have kidney difficulties and in young dogs. Cats, too, occasionally experience hyperphosphatemia.
Triggers of Canine Hyperphosphatemia
As with many diseases, a lot of different things can lead to hyperphosphatemia in canines. Ailments that can potentially trigger immoderate phosphorus levels include kidney disease, thyroid disease, osteoporosis and bone cancer. Since the bones are packed full of phosphorus, issues with them can sometimes bring upon increases of phosphates within the blood, and therefore hyperphosphatemia. Canines sometimes can develop the condition due to immoderate nutritional supplementation -- too much vitamin D, for a specific example.
Absence of Signs of Hyperphosphatemia
One of the most difficult aspects of hyperphosphatemia is its typical lack of symptoms. You might not notice any physical or behavioral changes in your precious pet. If his hyperphosphatemia is a result of another overarching medical condition, however, you might observe those other disease symptoms, whether the frequent urination of kidney disease or anything else.
Management of Hyperphosphatemia
If you discover your doggie has hyperphosphatemia, prompt veterinary management of this electrolyte issue is a serious priority. It is crucial to manage any other health ailments that might have contributed to the hyperphosphatemia. A veterinarian might suggest fluid therapy for hyperphosphatemia, for instance. She also might help you put together a special doggie diet plan that doesn't involve a lot of phosphorus content. Since all dogs with hyperphosphatemia are different and have individual scenarios, a veterinarian can tell you specifically what is the most suitable plan for your cutie.
Feline Friends and Hyperphosphatemia
Phosphatemia is an issue for some felines. Just as with dogs, it is generally asymptomatic. Many of the same health problems that contribute to canine hyperphosphatemia contribute to feline hyperphosphatemia. Because the ailment is practically impossible to detect due to the lack of symptoms, you'll ensure your pets' health, whether cats, dogs or other creatures, by ensuring they get regular veterinary checkups.
By Naomi Millburn
CJASN: Prevention and Control of Phosphate Retention/Hyperphosphatemia in CKD-MBD
PubMed: Effects of Hyperphosphatemia on Diaphragmatic Strength and Endurance.
Merck Veterinary Manual: Fibrous Osteodystrophy
Veterinary Hematology and Clinical Chemistry; Mary Anna Thrall, Glade Weiser, Robin W. Allison, et al.
Canine and Feline Endocrinology and Reproduction; Edward C. Nelson and Richard W. Nelson
Blackwell's Five Minute Veterinary Consult - Canine and Feline; Larry P. Tilley and Francis W.K. Smith
Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center: Hypercalcemia
About the Author
Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.