Myelodysplasia describes ineffective production of certain blood cells, the myelids. Myelodysplasia comes about from the uncontrolled evolution of certain stem cells that generate blood cells. Myelodysplasia affects human beings, dogs and cats, and it likely affects other animals, too. Primary and secondary forms of myelodysplasia exist, with conditions that affect all varieties of canines. There are no biases in sex or age.
Canine Myelodysplasia Basics
Myelodysplasia occurs either as a result of overarching illnesses or on its own as a congenital issue. When puppies are born with myelodysplasia, signs of the problem usually emerge between ages 4 weeks and 6 weeks. Problems often associated with the initial development of myelodysplasia include cancer, bone marrow dysplasia, neutropenia and infection. Felines experience the conditions more often than canines do. Myelodysplastic syndromes are actually extremely uncommon within the canine realm.
Canine Myelodysplasia Symptoms
The hematological ailments manifest themselves in numerous different ways. Some typical symptoms of myelodysplasia are periodical infections, atypical walking manner, loss of weight, feebleness, fatigue, immoderate bleeding and the lightening of the mucous lining.
Canine Myelodysplasia Causes
Dogs who are born with myelodysplastic syndromes have them as results of stem cell alterations. Dogs who develop it later on in their lifetimes usually so do because of drug poisoning or neoplasia, the latter which involves the emergence of simultaneously new and unusual tissue development.
The intensity of myelodysplastic syndromes depend on the individual dog's spinal cord structural issues. Not all dogs with myelodysplasia suffer the same symptoms or the same exact discomfort. If you have any reason to think your pooch might have myelodysplasia, arrange a veterinarian appointment. A variety of management options for the ailments exist, including supportive assistance via transfusions. Some dogs with myelodysplasia develop leukemia, in which case management becomes a totally different situation. Since myelodysplastic syndromes aren't progressive, their effects don't get more serious or uncomfortable with time. The importance of the whole thing lies in discussing the most appropriate management plan with the vet -- and getting your pet back to as comfortable and healthy an existence as possible.
By Naomi Millburn
Canine Inherited Disorders Database: Myelodysplasia
The National Canine Cancer Foundation: Myelodysplasia
Merck Veterinary Manual: Primary Bone Marrow Diseases
Cancer in Dogs and Cats; Wallace B. Morrison
Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis; Michael D. Willard and Harold Tvedten
About the Author
Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.