Chihuahua Care Basics

The Chihuahua is a toy dog breed with an apple-shaped head and short muzzle. They have large, round eyes, erect ears and either short or long hair. With proper care, they can live for 15 years or more.



According to The Chihuahua Guide, Chihuahuas tend to be picky eaters, so it is important that they have nutritious food to avoid becoming overweight on doggie junk food, such a table scraps. Also, dry kibble needs to be in small enough pieces for the Chihuahua to eat easily.


Chihuahuas are ideal for apartments because of their size, according to Dog Breed Info Center. They prefer warm weather, so in colder climates or times of year, a dog sweater or coat can make them more comfortable.


Chihuahuas may be difficult to train, but they are intelligent, and positive reinforcement works well. Socialization can avoid behavioral problems such as aggression and jealousy.

Health Issues

The Chihuahua Guide indicates that common health problems with the breed include luxating patella (slipping kneecap), collapsing trachea, heart problems such as mitral valve disease and pulmonic stenosis, and hypoglycemia. It is important to have your Chihuahua checked out at least once a year by a veterinarian who understands these health issues and knows how to treat them.


Exercise is important, according to Dog Breed Info Center, and a daily walk can prevent behavioral problems.


Long-haired Chihuahuas need daily brushing and short coats require occasional brushing. According to Dog Breed Info Center, bath your dog once a month, and avoid getting water in his ears. Nails should be trimmed regularly.

By Carole Ann


About the Author
Carole Ann has been writing since 2009. She has over 34 years of experience as an administrative assistant and has written articles on travel and other topics for various websites. Ann has an Associate of Arts in general studies from Carroll Community College.