Doberman pinschers are midsize canines who boast strong protective skills. Dobermans generally have sinewy and sleek physiques, with short, shiny hair. Dogs of this breed are common household pets. They were bred in Apolda, Germany, right before the turn of the 20th century.
The Doberman's name is tribute to Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, the breed's originator. He was a tax professional who wanted a helper -- and defensive presence -- on his job of picking up owed money from businesses and individuals. Working is the forte of Dobermans; in modern times, they still find roles in the work force, whether in law enforcement, in the military or alongside disabled people in need of guidance and assistance.
Taxman Mister Dobermann involved a handful of different types of dogs in the creation of the new breed. Some of these breeds are thought to be the Rottweiler, the German pinscher, the Weimarener and the greyhound. Dobermans initially were accepted into the German Kennel Club at the beginning of the 20th century. A few years later, in 1908, they set foot on American shores for the first time.
Dobermans generally are between 24 to 28 inches in height, the males slightly taller than the females. Typical weight for the breed is anywhere between 65 and 90 pounds. These dogs boast angular physiques and extremely short and soft fur. Their coats appear in several colors, namely yellowish-white, red, blue, pale beige and black. They also frequently have reddish-brown coloration on key parts of their bodies, such as parts of their faces or legs. Since their fur is so short, the grooming requirements are relaxed. Brushing sessions once a week should do the trick. Shedding is subtle.
Pooches of this breed are often described as lively, dynamic, loving, docile, courageous and vigilant animals. They can be tough as nails around perceived intruders, but in the company of their favorite people they are known to be sweet, gentle and lighthearted pets. Dobermans, with the right socialization, also can have harmonious living environments with kids and even fellow pets.
Dobermans are undoubtedly sporty dogs. Because of this, they need to move their bodies around a lot. Extended jogs or walks -- every single day of the week -- are crucial for Dobermans, especially if their homes are on the smaller side. Runs also are beneficial for Dobermans, as long as they are in a secure place.
With good care and positive and healthy living environments, Dobermans often live for between 10 and 12 years. Just like with all other varieties of pooches, regular veterinary checkups are vital. As a breed, these doggies are sometimes susceptible to ailments such as cardiomyopathy, hyperthyroidism, hip dysplasia, osteosarcoma and progressive retinal atrophy.
By Naomi Millburn
Doberman Pinscher Club of America: Breed History
The Westminster Kennel Club: Doberman Pinscher
American Kennel Club: Doberman Pinscher
DogChannel.com: Doberman Pinscher
Animal Planet Guide: Doberman Pinscher Guide
About the Author
Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.