Keep your pooch safe and healthy by knowing what foods are doggie-friendly and which ones are best to keep to yourself. Some fruits are perfectly fine to offer your little buddy, while others contain harmful substances that can really make your dog sick.
Fruits Not to Give to Dogs
Make sure to keep your guacamole, and avocados in general, far away from your pets. The leaves, seeds, bark and fruit of avocados contain a substance called persin. Your dog may experience vomiting or diarrhea if he eats avocado. Guacamole poses even more of a risk as it also contains garlic and onions, which can make you dog even sicker.
Grapes and Raisins
Although experts are still out on why grapes and raisins make a pooch sick, it can cause a severe reaction when your dog gets a hold of some. Even a small quantity can make your pooch sick and, in severe cases, it can cause kidney failure.
You'll want to keep your dog away from citrus fruit, such as lemons and oranges. The fruit, seeds, stems and leaves of citrus fruits contain varying amounts of citric acid, limonin and oils. These substances can cause adverse reactions, ranging from mild stomach upset and irritation from eating a small amount to central nervous system depression if large amounts are consumed.
Seeds, Stems & Leaves
Tomato plants - Ripe red tomatoes aren't the problem. However, the green part of the plant is toxic to your pooch. These parts contain solanine, which can cause gastrointestinal and central nervous system problems. This is a good reason to keep your buddy out of the garden.
Persimmon Seeds - If your doggie gobbles down some persimmon seeds, it can cause inflammation of the small intestine and possibly an intestinal obstruction. The fruit is fine, just keep the seeds out of his reach.
Apple seeds, stems & leaves - Although a ripe apple slice can be a tasty little treat to feed your little guy, don't let him chew on any of the stems, seeds or leaves. These contain cyanogenic glycosides, which are poisonous to dogs. Although a few pieces will probably not have drastic effects, large quantities can cause many different side effects ranging from vomiting and diarrhea to seizures. In severe cases, it can even result in respiratory failure and be fatal.
Peach & plum pits - The fruit is not the issue for peaches and plums -- it's the pits. Both types of fruit pits contain cyanide, which is toxic for both you and your four-legged companion. Those pits also run the risk of intestinal obstruction when swallowed.
By Susan Revermann
WebMD: Foods Your Dog Should Never Eat
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: People Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Pets
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Tomatoes
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Lemon Seeds
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Oranges
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Apples
About the Author
Susan Revermann is a professional writer with educational and professional experience in psychology, research and teaching. She holds a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Washington in psychology, focused on research, motivational behavior and statistics. Revermann also has a background in art, crafts, green living, outdoor activities and overall fitness, balance and well-being.