While dogs are yet not capable of using a crystal ball to predict the future, some appear almost to have a "sixth sense" when it comes to detecting the onset of some events. Some dogs particularly perceptive at reading human body language may become adept at warning of oncoming seizures.
How to Train a Seizure-Alert Dog
Search for the ideal dog for the task. No one breed has been identified as superior for this role, explains veterinarian Liz Rudy. The ideal candidate should be very in tune with people, their emotions and their feelings. Friendliness, great confidence, eagerness to please and strong observational skills are the qualities you want to find on the "curriculum vitae" of a potential seizure-alert dog.
Have a dog behavioral specialist evaluate the dog's temperament. This professional will determine whether the dog is suitable for the task and ensure that his health and welfare will not be compromised by the training. Some dogs may be too fearful or apprehensive for this role and may get stressed after repeatedly witnessing seizures. Nerves of steel are a must. The ideal dog should also be evaluated for good social skills so the safety of the public is not jeopardized.
Contact organizations specializing in service dog training. Alternatively, find a private trainer or a behavioral training specialist specializing in training service animals. The American Dog Trainer Network lists several resources for service dog programs. Look for reviews from people who have received seizure-alert dogs and are satisfied. Because this is a relatively new field, there are currently no specific training guidelines or accreditation programs for service-alert dog trainers.
Teach your dog to focus on you by praising and feeding him treats when he remains close by. By bonding with you and staying by your side, your "Velcro dog" will be more in tune with you and will learn more about your smell, your body movements and your emotions. Some believe that seizure-alert dogs detect seizures by paying attention to small changes in the epileptic person's biochemistry or by recognizing small, almost imperceptible muscle movements that take place before the actual seizure.
Have a seizure-alert dog trainer hold several individual sessions with you. The more seizures you are prone to, the more opportunities your dog has for picking up signals that a seizure is coming. The trainer may train your dog through associative learning to pair the seizure with a pleasurable event. Over time, this will cause the dog to look forward to seizures and pay special attention to any pre-seizure cues. This recognition phase, in which the dog starts identifying signs that a seizure is about to occur, is the first phase of the training, explains Dr. Rudy.
Learn how to recognize any signs your dog may be alerting you about an oncoming seizure. This is the second phase of training, during which your dog starts physically reacting to his perception. Some dogs may display quite obvious signs such as pawing at you, nudging you, licking or barking, while others may give off very subtle, barely perceptible signs. Your trainer should work on polishing these alerts and making them more obvious and reliable over time. This way, you will have ample time to stay safe and out of harm's way.