The Doberman pinscher breed is known for its fearlessness and vigilance in its protection duties. These dogs are intelligent and loyal but their large size and high energy levels require an owner who is willing to put in the time and care to provide them with a fulfilling life. The standard male Doberman height and weight are set by the American Kennel Club.
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Average Doberman weight and height
The AKC breed standard for a male Doberman pinscher is 26 to 28 inches tall, with 27 1/2 inches considered the ideal height. Height is measured at the withers, the highest point of the body. Dobermans have a square-shaped, compact build and weigh 75 to 100 pounds.
Dobermans have a broad chest and a shoulder that is at a 45-degree angle and front feet that are at a 90-degree angle to the ground. They have a well-muscled neck that is wider where it is closer to the body. Dobermans have a tucked belly, giving them a narrow waistline and wide hips. They are strong, well-muscled dogs.
The breed has naturally floppy ears, but the ears are often cropped so that they stand up straight. It is also common practice to dock the tail. They have a smooth, thick coat and accepted colors include fawn, black, blue, and red with rust-colored markings.
Doberman exercise and training
The breed was created in the 19th century by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who needed a dog to help him in his duties as a tax collector. Dobermans are a part of the working group and are used as police, military, search and rescue, and service dogs for disabled servicemen. They also excel at many sports including agility, flyball, dock diving, and carting.
They are energetic dogs and they need a lot of exercise. These organized activities are a fun way to train and exercise your dog, but if you don't want to participate in these, be prepared to go on plenty of walks or hikes and make sure you have a yard with plenty of space for him to run.
Dobermans are incredibly intelligent and will learn quickly. However, they can become pushy and destructive without enough exercise and training. Be sure to train your Doberman in basic obedience at a minimum and give plenty of positive reinforcement. They are eager to please and will be a happy and loyal household companion with the right care.
Doberman health considerations
With his sleek, short coat, your Doberman needs only minimal grooming. He will shed, so daily brushing with a soft brush will keep his coat shiny. You can bathe him as needed depending on his activities. Clean his ears every couple of days by wiping them with baby oil and a clean cloth or paper towel. Trim his nails monthly.
Be sure to feed a healthy, high-quality diet as recommended by your veterinarian. Use treats as needed for training, but be sure to adjust his diet if he starts to put on weight. A good diet and plenty of exercise will keep your dog at his ideal weight.
Reputable breeders don't breed dogs with health conditions, especially those known to be inherited. However, there are some health conditions common to Doberman pinschers. Cardiomyopathy and wobbler's syndrome are both suspected to be inherited conditions; however, there currently are no screening tests for these conditions. Wobbler's syndrome causes paralysis and neck pain due to spinal compression.
Screening tests are available for other common conditions, so be sure to discuss these with the breeder and your veterinarian. Some of these include hip dysplasia, Von Willebrand's disease, hypothyroidism, and progressive retinal atrophy.