If you think of the dachshund as a breed with short hair, think again. These low-slung "badger dogs" also come in long-haired and wire-haired varieties. In their native Germany, dachshunds were bred to evict vicious badgers from their dens. The Dachshund Club of America cites two possibilities for the emergence of long hair in the breed. One concerns selectively breeding the occasional long-haired offspring of smooth-coated doxies, and the other is that spaniels were occasionally introduced into the early bloodlines.
Characteristics of Longhaired Dachshunds
Long-haired Dachshund Coat
The American Kennel Club breed standard for the long-haired dachshund states that the "sleek, glistening," hair often has a slight wave. The hair is longer on the ears, underneath the neck, on the chest, on the back of the legs and on the abdomen. However, too long a coat, or equal amounts of long hair all over the body, is undesirable. Curliness is not permitted, nor is a noticeable parting of the hair on the back. The hair is longest on the tail, which should have a flaglike appearance as the dog carries it.
Long-haired dachshunds appear in solid colors, including red or cream. Bicolored long-haired doxies might be black, gray, fawn and chocolate, with cream or tan markings above the eyes, the paws, on the underlip and jaw sides, the inner ear, chest and throat. These markings are also found on the front legs, near the anus and the underside of the tail. The nose, paw pads and nails are black for black doxies, and dark brown for all other shades.
Miniature or Standard
Like other doxies, long-haired dachshunds appear in miniature and standard sizes. The breed standard specifies weight as the criteria, not height for such a short canine. The miniature doxie can't weigh more than 11 pounds by his first birthday. The standard doxie weighs between 16 and 32 pounds at maturity. That's for American Kennel Club conformation show purposes. In the gray zone, between 12 and 15 pounds, they are either a large miniature or a small standard dog, and referred to as "tweenies."
Grooming and Bathing
Your long-haired doxie's coat requires a lot more grooming than the smooth-coated dachshund. The fine coat is subject to tangles, so you'll need to brush your pet daily. Use a soft brush for daily grooming, but give your dog a careful grooming twice weekly with a wire brush for tangle removal. Brush your dog in the direction of hair growth. If your dog does develop a mat, snipping it off might be easier and less painful than trying to comb it out. Your doxie shouldn't require much bathing unless he's truly dirty, but use a blow-dryer -- set on low -- to dry him after his bath.