What Fruits & Vegetables Can Chameleons Eat?
If it's the first time you're looking into having a reptile as a pet, don't worry! These unique and lovable animals are colorful and have plenty of personality, especially chameleons, whose beautiful colors are sure to brighten up your day. If you're wondering what to feed your new friend, read on.
According to Reptiles Magazine, most chameleons are carnivores: they subsist on a variety of insects and small vertebrates. However, a few species eat small amounts of plant matter along with their proteins. Chameleon keepers should provide their omnivorous captives with regular offerings of dark, leafy greens and small pieces of fruit. Always consult your veterinarian before making changes to your pet's diet.
Despite the longstanding belief among herpetologists and herpetoculturists that chameleons are exclusively carnivorous, keepers have documented many species voluntarily consuming vegetables, fruit or leaves. Veiled chameleons (Chamaeleo calyptratus) are among the species most eager to consume plant material, but panther (Furcifer pardalis), Oustalet's (Furcifer oustaleti), Jackson's (Trioceros jacksonii) and Meller's chameleons (Trioceros melleri) also consume vegetation. Other omnivorous species undoubtedly exist.
Many kinds of berries, including blueberries, grapes, strawberries, raspberries and blackberries, are suitable fruits for chameleons in addition to an insect diet. You should cut fruits into cubes shorter than the width of your lizard's head to ensure he can safely swallow them. Your lizard may relish thin slices of apple, pear or peach. Avoid offering your pet acidic fruits, such as oranges, limes or grapefruit.
Most dark green, leafy vegetables are suitable dietary items for chameleon species that eat plants. Reptiles Magazine recommends collard, mustard and turnip greens, parsley and dandelion greens as the best in nutrition for your chameleon. Shredded carrots, sweet potato and watercress are suitable vegetables for chameleons.
Wash your pet's vegetables with cold water to remove potential pesticide residues. Place vegetables on a small dish at the bottom of the cage, or tie them to structures within the cage so they hang like leaves. Offer your lizard vegetables several times per week. Remove leftovers within 24 hours to prevent spoilage.
Most chameleon species require significant amounts of vegetation in their cages to provide visual barriers and hiding places. However, your chameleon may munch on the plants that decorate his habitat, so use live nontoxic plants — or use regularly replaced cuttings of these plants — rather than silk or plastic plants, which can lead to intestinal obstructions if your chameleon tries to munch on them.
The following plants are the safest for keeping in your chameleon's cages:
- Plants of the genus Hibiscus
- Nasturtiums (Tropaeolum majus)
- Roses (Rosa spp.)
- Mulberry (Morus alba)
- Grape vines (Vitis spp.)