Things You'll Need
Bottle of Kaopectate
Dogs that are allergic to aspirin, that are taking products containing aspirin or steroids, or that are taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should not be given Kaopectate containing bismuth salicylate. Never administer Kaopectate with bismuth salicylate to cats. Kaopectate containing bismuth salicylate may cause a temporary darkening of the pet's stools.
Kaopectate should be given every four to six hours as needed and generally for only one or two days. Make sure to administer the correct dose, because Kaopectate may cause constipation at high doses. Complete the entire treatment plan as directed by a the veterinarian, even if the pet feels better, to prevent relapse.
Kaopectate is an over-the-counter medication used to treat diarrhea and minor stomach problems. Although the product formerly contained attapulgite, an inert clay aluminum, recently it was reformulated to contain bismuth salicylate (an aspirin derivative) as its active ingredient, according to AVMA.org. This bismuth agent is designed to work by coating the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Although Kaopectate is available without a prescription, dog owners should not administer it to their pets without the guidance of a licensed veterinarian.
How to Administer Kaopectate to a Dog
Gather all the necessary items on a table. Choose a quiet area of your home and remain calm so as not to upset the dog.
Weigh your dog and consult with your vet to determine the correct dosage. The dose for dogs is 0.5 to 1.5 ml per pound per day, according to Dr. Mark Papich. This should amount to approximately 2 teaspoons (10 ml) per 10 pounds of weight per day. This total daily dose should be divided into two to four doses as necessary.
Fill the oral syringe with the correct amount of Kaopectate. Keep in mind that one teaspoon equals 5 cc or 5 ml.
Administer the Kaopectate medication slowly to prevent choking or vomiting. Place the oral syringe in the pocket formed between the dog's cheek and back teeth.
Praise your dog for cooperating and clean up any messes with the paper towels. Monitor your dog and consult with your vet if the diarrhea does not subside within 48 hours or if the dog is not active and alert.