Hemorrhoid symptoms in puppies mimic those in humans, but hemorrhoids are more rare in puppies. Since rectal tumors and anal fissures are more common, if hemorrhoids are suspected, visit a veterinarian. Though not life-threatening, hemorrhoids can lead to other diseases and should be treated immediately.
Though there is no known cause for hemorrhoids, there is a link between hemorrhoids and obesity, so starting your puppy on a high-quality diet and exercise program can help in preventing them from occurring.
A sedentary dog is more likely to develop hemorrhoids, so regular exercise is crucial for your adolescent puppy. A puppy should have at least two sessions of 40-minute aerobic exercise daily. Loose-leash walks don't meet this requirement. Aerobic exercise requires full-speed running.
Feed a diet high in protein that also incorporates a high-quality fiber source. Your puppy's diet should not include fillers such as corn, wheat or rice. Add a small spoonful of oatmeal twice per week to your puppy food if it is high in protein but low in fiber.
If you prefer the homeopathic route, Dr. Richard Pitcairn recommends olive oil or flax oil, which promote the muscular contraction of bowels and works as a laxative.
Veterinarians will proceed with treatments in one of two ways, depending on the orientation of the hemorrhoids. If they are external, the best treatment option is creams and management. This will often include 14 days of antibiotics in case there are any other infections due to ruptured blood vessels and addition of fiber to your dog's diet.
If the hemorrhoids are internal, a suppository is available in addition to antibiotics and high-fiber dietary management options. Surgery can be used to remove internal hemorrhoids, but it is used as a final option.
Many human creams can provide relief for dog hemorrhoids, but consult your veterinarian before purchase. Canine hemorrhoid creams are also available online.