Canine vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina that can strike both unaltered female puppies and spayed female adults. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors and can be temporary or chronic. Talk to your vet before trying any homeopathic cures or home remedies. Symptoms of vaginitis can mask other ailments, so get a medical opinion before treating a suspected case on your own.
Juvenile Canine Vaginitis
There may be few signs of puppy vaginitis other than a white or yellow discharge from the vulva. Your puppy may lick herself more than normal. Pups with recessed vulvas are at higher risk because their anatomy makes them more susceptible to bacterial infections. You can gently wipe the vulva using a mild soap and water to relieve irritation. Juvenile vaginitis typically goes away on its own after a dog goes through her first heat cycle. If problems persist, a vet should check for other underlying issues.
Adult Canine Vaginitis
Adult vaginitis usually is caused by a yeast or uterine infection or a urinary tract infection or disorder, and is seen more often in spayed dogs than those whose reproductive systems are intact. Other symptoms include frequent licking, discharge from the vulva and urinary problems -- your dog may urinate more than usual or have frequent accidents inside. If she has a medical condition such as liver disease or diabetes, bouts of vaginitis can be more severe. A broad-spectrum nondairy probiotic can help. Avoid constantly wiping or cleaning her vulva as you can exacerbate the problem.
Before trying home remedies, make sure your dog has vaginitis that can be treated with homeopathic approaches and not another health problem that requires medical intervention. Your vet may perform a physical exam, blood tests and vaginal and urine bacterial cultures. If there's concern vaginitis may have developed due to tumors or cysts, your vet may perform a vaginoscopy or X-ray to get a closer look.
Medical and Home Remedies
If your dog has an underlying medical condition that's leading to or worsening vaginitis, it will have to be treated by your vet. For example, a urinary tract infection requires an antibiotic. However, you can ask your vet about vitamin and mineral supplements such as Herbal ABX, UroBac and Total VirX, olive leaf and colloidal silver. Have your dog's anal glands expressed regularly and make sure there's no cross-contamination between your dog's rectum and vulva, which can lead to recurrent infections.