Homemade saline solution is made with just two household ingredients: water and salt. Clean and flush your cat's superficial wounds or eye discharge with homemade saline solution, to help prevent infections.
Small wounds on your cat such as a laceration, cat scratch or cut that is not through all layers of the skin can be treated at home with saline solution. These types of wounds do not need stitches.
Serious Feline Wounds
More serious feline wounds are cuts or lacerations that go through all layers of the skin. If the cut is longer than an inch, you need to take your cat to your veterinarian. It is likely that your vet will clean the wound and prescribe antibiotics to ward off infection. The wound will be closed with stitches if need be and may require a drain tube.
Any type of puncture wound on your cats needs to be treated by your veterinarian. These types of wounds can be caused from a sharp object or an animal bite and tend to get infected easily. Your veterinarian will clean the wound, apply stitches if needed and usually prescribe antibiotics.
Feline Eye Injuries
If your cat has eye discharge, a swollen eye or is keeping his eye partially or fully closed, it is likely from an eye injury. You can treat this type of injury by flushing it with saline solution. If both eyes are affected, it is likely from an infection or other illness. It's best in either case to seek veterinary care.
Saline Solution Recipe
Things You'll Need
1 quart lukewarm water
1 tablespoon table salt
Pour 1 quart of lukewarm water into a container.
Add 1 tablespoon of table salt and mix it well until the salt dissolves completely.
Allow the solution to cool to room temperature before use.
Salt dissolves more quickly in warm water than cold water.
Things You'll Need
Sterile gauze pads
Dip a gauze pad into the homemade saline solution and gently clean around the edges of a superficial wound with it to remove any debris or loose hair.
Draw up some of the saline solution into a syringe and gently flush the solution over the wound.
Wipe around your cat's affected eye with a gauze pad soaked in saline solution. Remove any discharge or debris near the eye and off eyelashes if the eyelids are stuck together.
Insert a syringe into the saline solution and draw up some of the liquid. Gently open your cat's eyelids if his eye is closed or his eyelids are stuck together. Flush the eyeball gently with saline in the syringe.
If you notice that your cat's injury is red, hot to the touch or swollen, with pus or a bad smell, take him to your veterinarian. He most likely has an infected injury that needs medical attention.