Breeding Persian cats can be rewarding and may be lucrative. Many breeders also enjoy having kittens around, especially if they know they can find them a good home. Persians are known for their long, luxurious coats, sweet disposition and short noses. Mating Persian cats or other purebred cats starts with finding the right animals to breed and takes a little research and decision-making.
Before you begin breeding Persians, decide why you want to breed them. Do you wish to sell show-quality kittens and make some money? Do you want to provide beautiful pets? Do you have a particular color in mind? You can find cat breeding color charts on the Internet. Persians come in all colors, including solids, such as white, black and blue, and pointed, such as Himalayan, and many others.
Choose your Persian cats to breed. Make sure the breeder of your cats has the proper documentation to prove the Persians are pure-bred. If you are getting both a male and female, and have chosen not to get a stud, make sure the male and female are not related, as this can cause genetic problems. Also, ask the breeder if the parents have a history of polycystic kidney disease. It is an inherited disease that has been found in some Persian cats, says the Cat Fanciers' Association.
Note when the female is one year old. She is ready to breed. Although she will have gone into heat plenty of times before, she has a much better chance of a successful and less problematic pregnancy if you wait a year to breed her. Cats will not mate unless the female is in heat, which happens every two to three weeks.
Allow the Persian cats to mate naturally. Introduce the male to the female once a day for several days. This will help ensure pregnancy.
Feel the mother cat's belly after 20 days. You should be able to feel little balls inside the uterus. Her nipples will be swollen. The mother will give birth at around 60 days after conception. Have a nest ready for her in a safe, quiet place.
Be a part of the birth by staying with the Persian cat mother when she goes into labor in case something goes wrong. Once the kittens are born, your job is to document the kittens as purebreds and make sure they get their shots and are de-wormed. Keep any other pets away from the mother and her kittens.