Prilosec for Dogs

Omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor for humans; it serves the treatment of medical ailments that involve excessive levels of stomach acid. The purpose of omeprazole is to decrease stomachs' gastric acid production and discharge. The drug is commonly available under the brand name of Prilosec. Sometimes vets prescribe it for dogs.

Puppy and food
Some dogs take omeprazole prior to mealtime.
credit: Pavel Timofeyev/iStock/Getty Images

Use of Omeprazole

As an anti-ulcer drug, omeprazole prevents and treats ulcers located in dogs' upper intestines and stomachs. Veterinarians often suggest omeprazole for management of gastroduodenal ulcers. Many dogs experience upper small-intestine and stomach ulcers due to medical conditions such as stomach cancer and kidney failure.

Prilosec stops gastric erosion triggered by use of pain relievers known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It frequently treats heartburn or acid reflux cases in dogs, minimizing trauma to the esophagus brought on by stomach acid.

Possible Side Effects

Dogs generally handle omeprazole use easily. The same goes for cats. Despite that, certain side effects of the medication are indeed a possibility. Some possible side effects of omeprazole use include vomiting, nausea, appetite loss, constipation, flatulence, diarrhea, colic, protein inside of the urine, skin rashes, urinary tract infections, changes in blood and central nervous system troubles. If you notice any abnormal behavior in your pooch, notify your veterinarian of the matter as soon as possible.

Extended omeprazole use can sometimes trigger stomach lining shifts. This is why omeprazole use is generally restricted to no more than 8 weeks of administration.

Omeprazole Precautions

Omeprazole is not appropriate for all dogs. Do not administer Prilosec to dogs who with allergies or omeprazole hypersensitivity. Refrain from giving Prilosec to lactating or pregnant dogs. If a dog has liver disease, extra care and attention is necessary for safe omeprazole use.

While discussing omeprazole with a veterinarian, be sure the vet is aware of all the supplements and medications your pet is taking to prevent potential negative interactions. Drugs that can possibly interact with omeprazole include warfarin, iron salts, ampicillin, phenytoin, ketoconazole, esters and diazepam.

Veterinary Counsel

Omeprazole comes in capsule and tablet form. They're available over the counter, but prior veterinary approval is a must before giving it to your dog. Your vet will provide proper dosage information. Omeprazole is supposed to stay in room temperature in dry and cool locations. Keep the drug out of direct sunlight, heat and moist areas.