If your dog has begun pooping or peeing on your bed, the reasons could range from behavioral to medical. Such behaviors can occur with dogs who have received crate training as well as with those who have free run of the house. To effectively overcome your dog's inappropriate soiling, you must first examine all aspects of his daily life and narrow down the associated cause.
Staking Out His Territory
Territorial marking most commonly occurs with unaltered male dogs, though the behavior also occurs in neutered males and females. Your dog feels secure with his own belongings such as his crate or dog bed, which already smells like him. If he decides to expand his territory into other areas of your home, such as your bed, he's likely to let you know he's staked out his territory by leaving you an unsavory gift. If this is the case, you'll need to eliminate his odor from your bedding and mattress, as well as engage in remedial housebreaking.
Separation anxiety can sometimes induce bowel and urinary elimination in inappropriate places, such as on your bed. Most commonly seen in adults and puppies who have come from rescue organizations or animal shelters, the behavior can emerge in any dog experiencing an abrupt alteration in his routine. Common symptoms of separation anxiety, in addition to inappropriate elimination, include vocalizations such as crying or barking, destructive behavior or hypersalivation. The key factor to determine separation anxiety is that the behavior must be associated with your absence. If so, try completing all play, walks and potty breaks at least 30 minutes prior to your departure. Don your coat and grab your keys ahead of some quiet time with your dog prior to your departure, and refuse him attention when he initiates the demand for it. In some cases, anti-anxiety medications prescribed by your veterinarian may offer some help.
Medical causes for dogs eliminating inappropriately become more common with the progression of age. Diabetes, kidney disease, bladder infection, bladder or kidney stones or Cushing's disease could be behind the behavior. Schedule a visit with your veterinarian if you have a house-trained dog or puppy who suddenly breaks training and has an unusual bowel behavior accompanied by an increase in thirst, incontinence or a noticeable change in quantity or frequency of urination and defecation.
Training for regression from housebreaking follows the same techniques used when conducting initial housebreaking. Evaluate your dog's routine and look for significant changes that could have triggered his behavior, such as new dogs in the home, a change of home, new furniture or suddenly being left alone at odd times or for longer than he is accustomed to. Establish a regular routine for feeding and play times, walks and naps. Keep him under constant supervision while he's indoors. If you can't supervise him, confine him to an area where he's not likely to eliminate. Completely remove his odor from your bed using commercial enzyme products designed for pet odor elimination, or household items such as white vinegar and baking soda.