Yellow Spotted Lizard Facts

By Carolyn Barton

The correct name for a yellow spotted lizard, (Lepidophyma flavimaculatum), is a yellow spotted tropical night lizard. It is one of the largest of the night lizards. The yellow spotted lizard is not an endangered species but is not seen often in the wild. They are not recommended as pets by anyone who is not a reptile expert.

Characteristics and Traits

The yellow spotted lizard grows to approximately 5 inches long and is dark brown to black in color with a row of yellow dots running down each side of his back. The underside is a paler yellow with brown spots and is smoother than the rough skin on his back.

Normal Habitat

The yellow spotted night lizard is found in portions of Central America and Mexico. They thrive in rain forests and never travel more than a short distance from their chosen area, living in one small area for their entire lives. The lizards are primarily ground dwellers who only occasionally venture to higher areas such as trees. The small, slender shape of the lizard allows her to fit in very small spaces with ease.

Feeding Habits

The yellow spotted lizard's diet consists of small insects such as ants, centipedes and spiders including tarantulas. They also dine on the shells of seeds and cactus thorns along with other vegetation in their area. They generally do not leave the area of their habitat to hunt, existing instead on what is readily available near their home.

Reproduction Facts

Yellow spotted lizards are parthenogenetic breeders, meaning that the female does not need a male to fertilize her eggs to reproduce. In fact, most populations have few or no males. They are live bearing, rather than laying the eggs they hold them internally until the offspring are born.