One health ailment that is relatively commonplace in the canine world is hypothyroidism, a type of endocrine disorder. Hypothyroidism is triggered by insufficient output of thyroxine, which is a thyroid hormone. Although hypothyroidism is prevalent in canines, it's extremely rare in felines, who tend to experience hyperthyroidism instead.
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The thyroid gland is situated over the throat, under the voicebox. This wee gland is responsible for transferring iodine into two key thyroid hormones, one of which is the aforementioned thyroxine, or T4. The other hormone is triiodothyronine, T3. These hormones travel within the blood and regulate metabolism. If your pooch has hypothyroidism, that means that his metabolism is operating in a slow manner. Thyroxine is vital for proper growth and development of canines' bodies, as well.
If you're concerned that your doggie might have hypothyroidism, a trip to the veterinarian is in order. A veterinarian can perform a blood test on your pet to evaluate his blood's T4 presence. If your cutie is experiencing thyroid gland issues, he'll have a low T4. Despite that, a low T4 is not 100 percent a guarantee of hypothyroidism, as it sometimes can point to other things. Because of this, veterinarians generally conduct other examinations, such as ones that analyze amounts of T3.
Medicine use can sometimes make dogs show low T4 results, as well. Some examples of these medications are various antibiotics, corticosteroids and sulfonamides. For example, roughly six weeks of taking sulfonamide can lead to reduced T4 levels in canines.
Breeds and T4 Levels
Certain canine breeds naturally possess low T4 examples. Sled dogs and greyhounds are part of this category. Because of these kinds of factors, it's crucial to take many things into consideration in looking at the results of T4 tests.
Key Hypothyroidism Symptoms
The quicker you pick up on signs of hypothyroidism in your fluffball, the quicker you can get him to the veterinarian for T4 testing. Some often telling symptoms of canine hypothyroidism are exhaustion, shifts in behavior, balance issues, excessive weight gain, timid behavior, sluggish growth of fur, inability to manage cold weather, dandruff, zapped energy or enthusiasm, excessive shedding, anemia and constipation. Note, too, that some dogs with hypothyroidism go for years at a time without displaying any hints of it.
By Naomi Millburn
Long Beach Animal Hospital: Hypothyroidism
WebMD: Hypothyroidism in Dogs
PetEducation: Hypothyroidism in Dogs
Michigan State University Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health: Thyroid Function in Dogs
International Veterinary Information Service: Proceeding of the SEVC Southern European Veterinary Conference
Cornell University Animal Health Diagnostic Center: Canine Thyroid Testing
Saunders Handbook of Veterinary Drugs; Mark G. Papich
National Greyhound Adoption Program: Greyhound T4 Testing and Hypothyroidism
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health: Alterations in Thyroid Hormone Concentrations in Healthy Sled Dogs Before and After Athletic Conditioning
Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine: Hypothyroidism in Dogs
Gribbles Veterinary: Overview of Testing for Thyroid Disease in Dogs and Cats
About the Author
Naomi Millburn has been a freelance writer since 2011. Her areas of writing expertise include arts and crafts, literature, linguistics, traveling, fashion and European and East Asian cultures. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in American literature from Aoyama Gakuin University in Tokyo.