Albon (generic name: sulfadimethoxine) for dogs is an antibiotic medication used to treat bacterial infections in dogs. It is also used to treat a coccidiosis, a serious parasitic infection in dogs. Albon for dogs is available in a tablet or liquid form. It is also available as an injection. The use of Albon requires a prescription from a veterinarian. In tablet or liquid form, Albon is usually given once every 24 hours. The first dose your dog takes may be larger then the following doses.
Special Note: Make Sure You're Using Albon for Dogs
Note that this medicine is also available for cats. Do not use the cat medicine on dogs or the dog version for cats. The doses will not match, in which case your pet might encounter severe side effects or the medication will be ineffective.
What Albon Treats
Albon is approved for the treatment of infections caused by organisms that include staphylococcus, escherichia and salmonella. Among the infections it treats are respiratory infections including tonsillitis, bronchitis and pneumonia; skin infections; anal gland infections; skin wounds; urinary tract infections and infections in the uterus. Your vet may recommend this medication for other infections not listed here. Your vet may also switch your dog from another medication to Albon if your dog's infection isn't getting better.
Guidelines for Safe Use
As with any medication, make sure you discuss the guidelines for safe use with your vet. Proper dosage is key for any treatment, and in most cases Albon is prescribed in doses of 10 to 50 milligrams per pound one time per day. Treatment plans usually last between two and three weeks.
When You Should NOT Use Albon
If your dog is allergic to sulfonamide antibiotics ("sulfa drugs"), he should not be treated with Albon. Signs of allergy can include trouble breathing and skin rash.
If your dog is pregnant or nursing, she should not get Albon, nor should her puppies if they are younger than 7 weeks of age. If your dog has kidney or liver disease, the vet will probably prescribe a different medicine. If your dog is taking certain medications, such as phenytoin (an anti-seizure drug), warfarin (a blood thinner), aspirin and methotrexate (a chemotherapy drug) she should not take Albon. Make sure your vet knows of all the medications and supplements your dog takes. Even herbal supplements can interact with prescription drugs.
Possible Side Effects
Possible side effects from Albon include fever, skin rash, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, joint pain and dry eye may also occur. Call your vet if any of these side effects develop. Also call your vet if your dog develops any new symptoms that are not listed above while taking this medicine. It is sometimes difficult to determine if these new symptoms are side effects from the medication or not. It is best to call your vet when in doubt.
Uncommon Side Effects
While any side effects are unpleasant, some uncommon side effects from Albon are jaundice, kidney or liver damage, or vertigo. If you see your dog suffering from any of these, call your vet immediately.
Albon, like all antibiotics, is not effective against viral infections. However, to be effective against bacteria, you should make sure to finish the entire treatment, unless told otherwise by your vet. Even if your dog seems to be completely healthy, some resistant bacteria may still be infecting your dog. If you stop the treatment too early, the infection could worsen or the cured infection can recur. During treatment, make sure your dog drinks plenty of water to avoid formation of crystals in the kidneys.