Just because you suffer from allergies doesn't mean you can't enjoy a furry friend. Many breeds of dogs are hypoallergenic, according to VetInfo.com. Once you know the tips for selecting an allergy-free dog and find out which breeds are hypoallergenic, you can own a dog and enjoy one too. Although some dogs are more hypoallergenic than others, unfortunately, there is no such thing as a completely hypoallergenic dog, according to VetInfo.com. Therefore, spend some time with the dog, to make sure you are not going to suffer, before you make your commitment.
Dog hair is not the cause of allergies, dander is. Dander is the tiny flakes animals shed from their fur, similar to dandruff in people. Hairless dogs and smaller dogs have the least dander, making them a good choice for allergy sufferers. Hairless breeds you may want to consider include the American Hairless Terrier, Chinese Crested (hairless), Hairless Khala, Peruvian Inca Orchid (PIO) and the Xoloitzcuintle (Mexican Hairless). Besides getting a hairless dog, make sure you clean your house often to get rid of any dander, minimize your carpeting, keep your bedroom pet-free and do not buy plush toys or beds for your dog, as these harbor dander.
Because dander sticks in dogs' fur, dogs with thick coats and undercoats are the worst choice for allergy sufferers. Brushing and bathing is important to control dander. Grooming dogs with only one coat or small breeds is easier. Wipe your dog's coat with baby wipes outdoors several times a week (it's better if you can get someone without allergies to do this). Many dogs fit into the category of low shedders. They include the Basenji, Bedlington Terrier, Bichon Frise, Border Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Chihuahua, Giant Schnauzer, Havanese, Irish Water Spaniel, Italian Greyhound, Kerry Blue Terrier, Maltese, Miniature Poodle, Miniature Schnauzer, Portuguese Water Dog, Shih-Tzu, Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, Standard Poodle, Standard Schnauzer, Tibetan Terrier, Toy Poodle, West Highland White Terrier, Wirehaired Fox Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier. Poodle mixes such as Cockapoos and Labradoodles are also good choices.
Some allergy sufferers are not bothered so much from the dander as they are from the saliva. Therefore, it is important to stay away from dogs that are known to drool. If you are allergic to saliva, besides not letting the dog lick you, stay away from the American Bandogge Mastiff, Basset Hound, Black and Tan Coonhound, Bloodhound, Bluetick Coonhound, Boxer, Bullmastiff, Dogue de Bordeaux, English Bulldog, English Setter, French Bulldog, Great Dane, Great Pyrenees, Irish Water Spaniel, Kuvasz, Mastiff, Neapolitan Mastiff, Newfoundland, Olde English Bulldogge, Olde Victorian Bulldogge, Plott Hound, Pyrenean Mastiff, Redbone Coonhound, Saint Bernard, Shar-Pei, Spanish Mastiff and the Victorian Bulldog. These dogs have a tendency to slobber and drool, and are not a good choice if you are allergic to a dog's saliva.