Will Dogs Eat Koi Fish?

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Thinking about adding a koi pond to your garden but wondering if your dog, if left unattended, might just help himself to a sashimi dinner? The truth of the matter is that even a well-fed dog with no need to hunt for his own food may enjoy the thrill of capturing a meal. Not every dog follows this predatory instinct, but the ones who do usually eat most or all of the prey they capture -- even if that prey is a fellow pet.


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Dogs and Koi

To answer the question above—yes, many dogs will eat a koi fish if given an easy opportunity. For example, if the fish is flopping around helplessly in the grass, your dog is most likely going to seize the opportunity for an easy snack (or plaything). Not all dogs, however, will make the effort to catch koi from a pond, and many of those who try are unsuccessful. A dog with good hunting skills and fast reaction times can snatch and eat koi from a pond. Other dogs will merely sit at the edge of the pond and watch the koi, while others may wade into the water, but move too slowly and cautiously to catch a fish. Observe your dog to determine whether he is seriously hunting koi, or if he's just entertained by the color and movement.



The best way to deter a dog from eating or hunting koi depends on the particular dog. A special mesh netting placed across the pond can protect fish from a variety of predators, but some dogs may become tangled in the net. Motion sensors that emit sound or streams of water are effective on many dogs, or sprinklers around the pond can be set to come on at regular intervals. Protective cages or rock caves can also be placed under water as safe places for koi to hide when the dog enters the pond.



While your dog may enjoy eating koi, and the fish does contain protein and oils that are good for him, eating whole koi can be dangerous. The small bones can get stuck in his throat and abrade his stomach and intestinal tract. If the fish is carrying any parasites, they may be passed on to the dog. Eating raw fish can also cause diarrhea and vomiting. If you choose to intentionally feed your dog a koi fish, cook it thoroughly and remove all of the bones.

Guard Dog

If your dog is not hunting and eating koi fish, or you can successfully deter him from doing so, he may serve as protection against other predators that eat koi. Herons and raccoons often target koi in small ponds because they're easy prey. A dog that barks or chases birds and animals that try to eat koi can offer excellent protection for your fish.


By Carlye Jones


Koi Care Basics: How To Care For Your Water Koi
Fish Channel: Protecting Fish From Birds
Full Service Aquatics: Heron Deterrents for Your Koi Pond
Dogged Health: Ask the Vet: Can Dogs Eat Fish?

About the Author
Carlye Jones is a journalist, writer, photographer, novelist and artisan jeweler with more than 20 years of experience. She enjoys sharing her expertise on home improvements, photography, crafting, business and travel. Her work has appeared both in print and on numerous websites.